Diabetes is an unhealthy condition arising from the high blood sugar level. The basic symptoms include frequent urination, extreme thrust, and fatigue. There are three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes. While the type 1 results from the failure of insulin production by the pancreas, type 2 relate to the cells resistance to the insulin. And gestational diabetes occurs due to high blood sugar level in a pregnant woman.
At present, only preventive measures are available which help in intercepting acute complications and keep the blood sugar level under control. Due to the unavailability of any cure to eradicate it, doctors advice the patients to stay on medication and undertake regular exercise and maintain a healthy diet. A delay in the treatment or ignorance toward precautions can have an adverse impact on the heart, eyes, and kidneys of a patient. As of today, above 400 million people are living with diabetes across the world and 5 million die every year.
Negative effects of diabetes
Diabetes affects the physical, mental, professional, and social life and health of a person.
Diabetes affects the proper functioning of the kidneys. The kidneys fail to filter the waste from blood due to the irregular medication. A basic symptom to detect kidney damage is high protein content in the urine.
High blood glucose level may form fatty acid into the blood vessels. Such formation blocks the blood and disrupts the proper blood circulation. It leads to high blood pressure, which put the strain on the heart and can cause a stroke.
Diabetes contributes to the hardening of blood vessels, which creates an obstacle to the constant blood flow. Due to this, a diabetic patient feels pain in foot and legs. The lack of sensation following nerve damage may cause foot ulcers.
Diabetes impact skin to a great extent. The high blood sugar contributes to lack of moisture in the body, which makes the skin dry and hard. Uncontrolled sugar level develops brown patches and yellow bumps on the hands. A diabetic patient is also susceptible to fungal and bacterial infections at the fold area which includes fingers, toes, corner of mouth and armpits.
Health is one of the most expensive sectors in the world. The diagnosis of diabetes comes with great pressure on a patient’s pocket. To keep the blood sugar level under control, one has to consume regular medicines or inject insulin every day. This disturbs the normal day-to-day expenditure of a person and an efficient standard of living.
Every disease negatively affects the mental health of a person. With no immediate cure for diabetes, a person struggles to deal with the complications in the beginning and feel stressed. The constant thought process regarding the impact of diabetes on the future further deteriorates the health of a person.
With the onset of diabetes, a person sickens and starts to lose significant opportunities. At the job, fatigue and tiredness limit the confidence and concentration in performing a project and assignment at best. Following tension, one distant oneself from colleagues and lose leadership qualities.
Diabetes is rising at an alarming rate. Scientists are working with pharmaceutical companies to bring new products to the market to limit the side effects of diabetes. One such development is inhalable insulin. Also, an international organization such as World Health Organization (WHO) has cautioned countries world over regarding diabetes and its prevention. Though there is no immediate cure at present, a patient can limit the negative effects and complications by keeping precautions as advised by doctors. As they say, one can live a happy and healthy life in every condition and circumstances if one wants.