Over the years, we have been studying and hearing about democracy. Most countries in the world have adopted a democratic government system for good. Basically, democracy is a form of government where leaders are chosen and elected by the people. In a democratic country, elections are held for all the leadership posts. People are supposed to cast their votes to the candidate they feel is fit to lead them. The candidate swooping in with the majority votes gets to lead the country.
As seen with the positive side, a democratic form of government is the best form of government. This gives a fair chance to the people of a country to judge and examine all the candidates and choose the one they feel is worthy to lead them. Common country people seem satisfied as they have an equal chance of participating and electing their own leaders.
However, as positive as this democratic system seems, it still has some downsides. This can be related to the many limitations that the implementation of this system has left behind.
The positive as well the negative effects of democracy have been listed as follows.
Positive Effects of Democracy:
The positive effects of democracy are mentioned as follows:
- Equal participation of country citizens:
As mentioned earlier, a democratic government gives the people of its country equal chance of participation to come forward and choose their leaders themselves. Elections are held and citizens are supposed to cast their votes to the representatives they like.
- No monopoly of ruling parties:
This is a prior positive effect of democracy that an election is bound to take place after a certain period of time. As a result, no ruling party can have a monopoly in ruling a country. Plus, they are bound to deliver results as they might not be re-elected if they don’t. However, monopoly system is completely eliminated due to a democratic setup.
- Equality of the citizens:
In a democracy, people are treated as equal while they participate in the political and social issues that are meant for them. Irrespective of the sex, religion, caste or creed of the people, everyone is given a fair chance to vote and each vote holds a great value. This directly makes people stand as one and promoted equality among the citizens of a country.
- A better administration:
When in a democratic government the representatives are elected, this naturally makes up for a more responsible administrative system. Such government is comparatively more stable and responsible as they are bound to deliver effective results. A sense of efficiency and dedication to excellence comes in hand with democracy in such terms.
- Awareness regarding political issues among citizens:
Democratic government ensures that people are well versed with basic political knowledge. Since they will be casting votes after examining the candidates, they must be aware of the various political aspects that drive these things. In a democracy, most citizens know what they are doing and aware of the political game and stuff.
- A good source of change:
Government in a democracy experiences change regularly. This helps people feel satisfied as they are equally involved in making their own decisions and are responsible for promoting any kind of changes, if necessary.
Negative Effects of Democracy:
The negative effects of democracy are mentioned as follows:
- Can lead to disruption of excess time and public funds:
In a democratic government, a lot of money and time is required to be spent on the elections. Plus, formulating all the laws and other decisions eat up a huge chunk of time. Sometimes, all this money and time is misused which makes the common people suffer in all the negative ways. People cannot always be right in choosing the worthy leaders. Incompetent leaders can just waste all the public fund or just misuse it for themselves.
- Can largely promote corruption.
It is highly possible for a democratic government to get into and promote corruption by all means. Parties under power tend to adapt immoral and corrupt means to drive in votes and power. This directly affects the people’s interests and the quality of the whole government too.
- Makes a possibility of people not using their right to vote.
This is the case in many democratic countries. People are not taking their right to vote seriously. They either think that their vote is not going to make any difference or they are unaware of the power and importance that their votes hold.
Democracy can be a very positive form of government if managed and handled properly, by both the leader and the people alike.