Cloning refers to the process of the creating genetically identical organisms or an organ of an individual. While the cloning of different plant species such as grapes and bananas is continuing since decades without any objection, people see the same process in human beings as an unnatural. In human beings and animals, cloning takes place by replacing the nucleus of an egg with that of a donor somatic cell. At present, no country allows human cloning, though researchers succeeded in creating clones of a sheep and a dog in the past decade. The cloning possesses the capability of improving the plant, animal, and human species, but, at the same time, it’s unethical factors anger social workers and religious communities at large.
Positive effects of cloning:
Cloning offers huge benefits in medical science
The rising environmental degradation and diseases are making people unhealthy. And the organ failure isn’t uncommon, at present. According to the researchers, cloning can help in creating an exact organ by utilizing the cells from a preserved umbilical cord of an individual. People won’t need to beg and advertise for a matched organ and also, the risk involved in a cloned organ procedure is minimal.
Improved genetic traits
Cloning help scientists in creating an organism of desirable traits. This advantage helps in eliminating genetic defects in every specie. Today, one among the ten persons on this earth faces a non-communicable disease. If cloning becomes legal, scientists can alter these defects in a human being and these diseases won’t pass to the future generation.
Cloning gives parents an opportunity to alter their genes and reproduce a child of their willingness. With the process of cloning, parents can decline the genetic traits that they don’t want to pass to their off-springs. In this way, cloning can remove the causes of inherited diseases and genetic disorders.
With positive traits in every plant, animal, and human being, cloning can change the world in a tremendous way. A world with no diseases and crimes is a heaven to live on.
Negative effects of cloning:
The impact of cloning on humanity is indescribable.
The basic limitation of cloning is that it is unnatural in every means. Humans are experiencing the negative results of intervening with the nature in the form of pollution, disastrous climatic changes, and health issues. And intervening with the creation or reproduction of an organism without knowing the extent of undesired results can bring calamity in a human being’s life and to the entire mankind.
Cloning possesses the capability of heightening the inequality and widening the gap between developed and developing nations. Being an expensive and high technology procedure, only rich countries and wealthy persons can afford it. While the government provides a big chunk of budget to the scientists for such researches, it is highly likely that it won’t reach to a common man and thus, failing in the entire welfare objective.
The legality of cloning in human beings proves tragic in the sense that powerful countries can employ the process in making a major army of soldiers with desirable traits. At the same time, there is a possibility that in future, countries might have colonies of scientists, engineers, and doctors among others. This completely disrupts the idea of competition among students and individuals.
Shakes off diversity
Cloning destabilizes the idea of diversification. While every person born with similar facial and body characteristics and for the sole purpose through cloning, it completely loses the meaning and importance of diversity on this earth. Where diverse nature helps the human beings to understand and learn from each other, cloning seems to dismantle this culture.
So far, 90% attempts at human cloning has failed. It means, at present, scientists don’t possess a reliable technology regarding cloning. An experiment of producing a human species without sure result can prove disastrous.
One can’t count the benefits technology has provided in a human life and today, every second revolves around technology. Cloning in horticulture is a great example of a successful experiment. The role human cloning will play in our future lives is unpredictable. As of today, cloning is a news but soon, it’ll become a ground reality. At present, the legality of cloning is questionable and a cause of debate among the world community. For now, along with permission in various cloning researches, the government should discourage and regulate malpractices. Only time will tell, in which way and to what extent the cloning can distribute desired fruits.